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Apache 2, MySQL 4.1 Alpha and PHP 4.3 on Red Hat Linux 9
Posted on Monday, April 21, 2003 @ 21:25:31 EDT by Prashant Somashekar








This guide will walk you through installing and minimally configuring Apache 2 web server, MySQL 4.1 Alpha database and PHP 4.3 on a Red Hat linux 9 computer.

Theses instructions should hold true for all Linux distros and most Unix variants.

In the above scenarios (mostly UNIX), there will be some minor differences, such as dependencies, but you can gauge what you need by the package names included, as well as other additions that will be made from the instructions below.

Let's get started...


Boot up (Start) your Red Hat linux 9 pc and get to a shell, or drop to a console (Ctrl-Alt-F2 (Ctrl-Alt-F7 will bring you back to X if you were originally there). Then either su - or login as root.

Note: Replace the statements in CAPS with the actual information. For example, EMAIL_ADDRESS would be replaced with your actual email address.

mkdir /packages
cd /packages

make sure you have wget installed:

which wget

if you do not see /usr/bin/wget , then:

ftp updates.redhat.com
logon: anonymous
password: EMAIL_ADDRESS
binary
prompt
cd 8.0/en/os/i386
get wget-1.8.2-5.i386.rpm
bye


rpm -ivh wget-1.8.2-5.i386.rpm


Note: For those without the Red Hat Linux 9 CDROM(s) in their posession->

Please read first before you start executing commands until you get to the ----->

The instructions below assume that if the main package is not installed, than dependencies are not either.

Make sure to check to see if you have any or all of the packages needed to be installed, otherwise you will have wasted time downloading things that you already have installed.

I also may have included 2 or 3 packages extra that may not need to be installed for this specific project, but it is good to have for future projects that you may encounter.

You can do a: rpm -qa | grep PACKAGE_NAME , and look for those packages installed starting with/ have PACKAGE_NAME in them.

For example, when looking at this line:

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/gcc-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm

if you wanted to check if you had the package installed, then you would: rpm -qa | grep gcc , and look for similar and or matching output to the version number 3.2.2-5.

For those with the CD's, you can insert the CDROM, and if it doesnt automount if for you, you can type: mount /mnt/cdrom . Then you can access the cd by: cd /mnt/cdrom , then ls (to list files).


make sure you have make installed:

which make

if you do not see /usr/bin/make , then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/make-3.79.1-17.i386.rpm

rpm -ivh make-3.79.1-17.i386.rpm


make sure you have gcc installed:

which gcc

if you do not see /usr/bin/gcc , then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/gcc-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/gcc-c++-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/gcc-gnat-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm



make sure you have libgcc:

rpm -qa | grep libgcc

if you do not see packages with libgcc on output, then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/libgcc-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm


make sure you have glibc:

rpm -qa | grep glibc

if you do not see packages with glibc on output, then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/glibc-devel-2.3.2-11.9.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/glibc-common-2.3.2-11.9.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/glibc-2.3.2-11.9.i386.rpm


rpm -ivh glibc-devel-2.3.2-11.9.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh glibc-common-2.3.2-11.9.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh glibc-2.3.2-11.9.i386.rpm


rpm -ivh libgcc-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm


rpm -ivh gcc-gnat-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh gcc-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh gcc-c++-3.2.2-5.i386.rpm



make sure you have perl installed:

which perl

if you do not see /usr/bin/perl , then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/perl-5.8.0-88.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/perl-CPAN-1.61-88.i386.rpm


rpm -ivh perl-5.8.0-88.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh perl-CPAN-1.61-88.i386.rpm


make sure you have binutils installed:

rpm -qa | grep binutils

if you do not see packages with binutils on output, then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/binutils-2.13.90.0.18-9.i386.rpm

rpm -ivh binutils-2.13.90.0.18-9.i386.rpm


make sure you have libtool installed:

rpm -qa | grep libtool

if you do not see packages with libtool on output, then (each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL)):

wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/libtool-libs-1.4.3-5.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/libtool-1.4.3-5.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/autoconf-2.57-3.noarch.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/automake-1.6.3-5.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/m4-1.4.1-13.i386.rpm
wget ftp://ftp.rutgers.edu/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/mktemp-1.5-18.i386.rpm


rpm -ivh libtool-libs-1.4.3-5.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh libtool-1.4.3-5.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh autoconf-2.57-3.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh automake-1.6.3-5.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh m4-1.4.1-13.i386.rpm
rpm -ivh mktemp-1.5-18.i386.rpm


--------------------->


(each line starting with wget is one whole line (wget following a space than the URL))

(each line that is a command is one whole line before the start of a new line. Each command line that is long, has a doublespace before the new line to eliminate confusion (excluding the wget lines, as it was just mentioned above)

wget http://apache.mirrorcentral.com/dist/httpd/httpd-2.0.45.tar.gz
wget http://www.php.net/~jani/RC/php-4.3.2RC1.tar.gz
wget ftp://mysql.secsup.org/pub/software/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-4.1/mysql-4.1.0-alpha.tar.gz


cd /usr/src

tar zxf /packages/httpd-2.0.45.tar.gz
tar zxf /packages/php-4.3.2RC1.tar.gz
tar zxf /packages/mysql-4.1.0-alpha.tar.gz



cd httpd-2.0.45
./configure --prefix=/opt/apache
make
make install


cd /etc/rc.d/

echo /opt/apache/bin/apachectl start >init.d/apache2
chmod u+x init.d/apache2


echo /opt/apache/bin/apachectl stop >init.d/apache2_K
chmod u+x init.d/apache2_K


ln -s init.d/apache2 rc3.d/S99apache2
ln -s init.d/apache2 rc5.d/S99apache2
ln -s init.d/apache2_K rc3.d/K99apache2
ln -s init.d/apache2_K rc5.d/K99apache2


cd ../mysql-4.1.0-alpha

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql

make
make install


groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql


scripts/mysql_install_db

cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d
chmod u+x /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql.server


chown -R root /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql


cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf


cd /etc/rc.d

ln -s ../init.d/mysql.server rc3.d/S99mysql
ln -s ../init.d/mysql.server rc5.d/S99mysql
ln -s ../init.d/mysql.server rc0.d/K99mysql
ln -s ../init.d/mysql.server rc6.d/K99mysql


chmod u+x init.d/mysql.server


cd /usr/src/php-4.3.2RC1

Note: In the line below, there is a space after /opt/apache/bin/apxs right before the -- .

./configure --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-apxs2=/opt/apache/bin/apxs --disable-cli

make
make install


cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini

Note: Replace the statements in CAPS with the actual information.
For example: IP_ADDRESS:PORT would be replaced with the actual IP and Port the server will run on
(172.16.1.7:8080 (if your on a LAN) or if your internet connection is hooked straight in to the machine


vi /opt/apache/conf/httpd.conf
hit forward slash then type: AddType allows you to add then hit enter (/AddType allows you to add (enter))
hit j 4 times
hit o (letter)


type the 3 statements below and hit enter after each line:

DirectoryIndex index.html index.php index.htm index.cgi
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

hit Esc
hit colon then 1 (:1 (enter))
hit forward slash then type ServerAdmin then enter (/ServerAdmin (enter))
hit n
hit zero then i then pound (above the 3) then Esc (0 i # Esc (enter))
hit o (letter)
type this in: ServerAdmin EMAIL_ADDRESS
hit Esc
hit forward slash then type in ServerName then enter (/ServerName (enter))
hit n
hit zero then i then type in pound symbol (above the 3) then hit Esc (0 i # Esc (enter))
hit o (letter)

type in: ServerName IP_ADDRESS:PORT
hit Esc
hit colon then 1 (:1 (enter))

hit forward slash then type in Listen then enter (/Listen (enter))
hit n 3 times
hit zero then i then type in a pound symbol (above the 3) then hit Esc (0 i # Esc (enter))
hit o (letter)

type in: Listen IP_ADDRESS:PORT
hit Esc
hit colon then w then q then exclamation point (above the 1) then enter (:wq! (enter))


vi /etc/passwd

hit forward slash then type in mysql then enter (/mysql (enter))
hit f then forward slash (f /)
hit l (letter)
hit x until your cursor is on top of the :
hit i

type in: usr/local/mysql/var
hit Esc
hit colon then w then q then exclamation point then enter (:wq! (enter))


passwd mysql
Enter a password for the mysql system user account
Confirm it.


Note: Replace the statements in CAPS with the actual information. For example: NEW-PASSWORD would be replaced with a password.

cd /usr/local/mysql/bin
./mysqld_safe&
./mysqladmin -u root password 'NEW-PASSWORD'
./mysqladmin -u root -h HOSTNAME password 'NEW-PASSWORD'


/opt/apache/bin/apachectl start



cd /usr/src
rm -r httpd-2.0.45
rm -r mysql-4.1.0-alpha
rm -r php-4.3.2RC1


You have just installed and minimally configured Apache 2, PHP 4.3 and MySQL 4.1 Alpha, created and linked startup and shutdown scripts to automate things in times of reboot and created a mysql admin remote account.



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